Greek Mortals

Greek Mythology

Greek Mythology is the body of myths and legends belonging to the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. They were a part of religion in ancient Greece. Modern scholars refer to the myths and study them in an attempt to throw light on the religious and political institutions of Ancient Greece, its civilization, and to gain understanding of the nature of myth-making itself.

Greek mythology is embodied explicitly in a large collection of narratives and implicitly in Greek representational arts, such as vase-paintings and votive gifts. Greek myth attempts to explain the origins of the world and details the lives and adventures of a wide variety of gods, goddesses, heroes, heroines, and mythological creatures. These accounts initially were disseminated in an oral-poetic tradition; today the Greek myths are known primarily from Greek literature.

The oldest known Greek literary sources, the epic poems Iliad and Odyssey, focus on events surrounding the Trojan War. Two poems by Homer’s near contemporary Hesiod, the Theogony and the Works and Days, contain accounts of the genesis of the world, the succession of divine rulers, the succession of human ages, the origin of human woes, and the origin of sacrificial practices. Myths also are preserved in thae Homeric Hymns, in fragments of epic poems of the Epic Cycle, in lyric poems, in the works of the tragedians of the fifth century BC, in writings of scholars and poets of the Hellenistic Age and in texts from the time of the Roman Empire by writers such as Plutarch and Pausanias.

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Heroes

ABDERUS

ACHILLES

AJAX

BELLEROPHON

DAEDALUS

GANYMEDE

HECTOR

IOLAUS

JASON

MELEAGER

ODYSSEUS

ORPHEUS

PERSEUS

THESEUS

TROPHONIUS


Notable Women

ARIADNE

ATALANTA

EUROPA

IO

MEDEA

MEDUSA

PANDORA

PENELOPE


Kings

AESON

ASTERION

CEPHALUS

ERICHTHONIUS

ICARIUS

MEMNON

MINOS

OENOPION

PELEUS

PHINEAS

SALMONEUS

SISYPHUS

TELAMON


Seers

TIRESIAS


Inmates of Tartarus

SISYPHUS

TANTALUS


Minor Figures

AGAMEDES

AUTOLYCUS

CHIONE

CORONIS

DEMOPHON

DEUCALION

ENDYMION

EUMAEUS

EURYCLEIA

EURYDICE

EURYLOCHUS

EURYNOME

EURYTION

GLAUCUS

HIPPOLYTUS

ICARUS

METANIRA

MYRTO

ORION

PALAMEDES

PATROCLUS

PERIPHETES

PHILOETEUS

PHOCUS

PICUS

POLITES

PYRRHA

SINIS

TELEGONUS

TELEMACHUS

TITHONUS

TROPHONIUS


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