Season: 3 & 5, Episodes: 7, Faction: DHARMA Initiative
Horace Goodspeed was the Leader of the DHARMA Initiative on the Island and also worked as a Mathematician. He was present in Oregon on the day that Benjamin Linus was born, and helped Ben’s father to get a job on the Island. Horace and Amy were the parents of Ethan in 1977, and Horace was killed during the Purge in 1992.
On the mainland (1964)
3×20 – The Man Behind the Curtain
Before he came to the Island in 1964, Horace was driving with Olivia 32 miles outside of Portland when he came upon Roger Linus carrying his wife on the side of the road, right after Ben had been prematurely born. He wanted to take Ben’s dying mother to the hospital, but she died before he had the chance to. (“The Man Behind the Curtain”)
On the Island
3×20 – The Man Behind the Curtain
As the leader of the DHARMA Initiative on the Island, Horace was involved in bringing Roger Linus and his eight-year-old son Ben to the Island in 1973. At the submarine dock, Horace happily welcomed all of the new recruits to the Island, while wearing a DHARMA jumpsuit declaring him to be a “Mathematician.” Later on, after there was a shootout between DHARMA and the Hostiles, Roger confronted Horace, demanding that he be paid more for his “Work Man” job for living in such a dangerous place. (“The Man Behind the Curtain”)
5×08 – LaFleur
A year later, Horace met a time-travelling Sawyer in the game room at the Barracks and questioned him about what he was doing on the Island. Sawyer, telling Horace that his name was “Jim LaFleur,” responded that he had been in a boat wreck while searching for the Black Rock, which Horace claimed to have never heard of. Horace told Sawyer that he would be leaving the island via the submarine the next day.
Later that day, Richard Alpert arrived in the camp, informing Horace that the death of two Hostiles (which had been caused by Sawyer and Juliet earlier that day) had broken the truce between DHARMA and the Hostiles. Sawyer, not heeding Horace’s wishes, met with Richard to explain the situation. When Sawyer returned from the meeting, he informed Horace that they would need the body of Paul to give to the Hostiles. Horace and Sawyer visited Amy, Paul’s widow, to retrieve the body, and the rift between the Hostiles and DHARMA was temporarily fixed. (“LaFleur”)
5×08 – LaFleur
Three years later, Jerry and Phil, two security workers for DHARMA, discovered a drunken Horace stumbling around the sonic fence, throwing dynamite at trees. Informing Sawyer, the head of security, they went out and retrieved the drunken “leader” of DHARMA, and Sawyer took him back to his house to overcome his hangover. Amy, who had become involved with Horace, went into labor soon after and gave birth to their son Ethan, though Horace was unconscious and thus unable to attend. Upon waking up, Horace explained to Sawyer that he had gotten drunk because he had fought with Amy about Paul, and asked Sawyer if three years was long enough to get over a past lover. This caused Sawyer to tell Horace about Kate, concluding that three years was indeed long enough. (“LaFleur”) (“Namaste”)
5×09 – Namaste
Soon after, Jin and Radzinsky came across Sayid in the jungle, and held him captive in the Flame. When Sawyer arrived, Radzinsky suggested they kill Sayid right there. Sawyer instead decided to bring Sayid to the Barracks, and Radzinsky grumbled that he was going to “talk directly to Horace about this.” (“Namaste”)
5×10 – He’s Our You
Horace came down to visit Sayid in his jail cell in the security station. He asked Sayid what the handcuffs he was wearing were for, and if he was in trouble with his people. Sayid wouldn’t respond to his questions. Afterwards, Horace visited Sawyer and told him that in order to get Sayid to talk, he might have to take him to Oldham, DHARMA’s interrogator. Sawyer responded that Sayid would talk to him. After Sayid still refused to cooperate, Horace, along with Phil, Radzinsky, and Sawyer, took him to Oldham. Oldham proceeded to give Sayid a truth serum-like drug, and Sayid revealed all he knew about the DHARMA Initiative Stations, how he got to the Island, and even hinted at the upcoming Purge. However, once Sayid said that he was from the future, the DHARMA members began to doubt him.
Later, Horace held a meeting to see what to do with Sayid. It was attended by various DHARMA members, including Sawyer, Radzinsky, Amy, and Rosie. Radzinsky was a vehement supporter of Sayid’s execution, and after an impassioned speech by Horace’s lover Amy, who held Ethan, the group voted for the execution. (“He’s Our You”)
5×11 – Whatever Happened, Happened
That night he took charge and arranged security for a possible hostile attack following Sayid’s breakout. His initial suspicions were that Jack let him out, but this was thwarted when it was discovered that a young Benjamin Linus freed the prisoner, after taking the keys off of his father, Roger. (“Whatever Happened, Happened”)
5×13 – Some Like It Hoth
Horace later came to the security station to ask LaFleur to deliver a “package”. Instead he found Miles, who he trusted to give the package to Radzinsky at grid 334 in hostile territory, and to bring back what he gives him in return. Miles brought back the package, which was in fact the corpse of a DHARMA worker. Horace then told Miles to take it to Pierre Chang at the Orchid. (“Some Like It Hoth”)
5×15 – Follow the Leader
After Radzinsky found a captive Phil in Sawyer’s house, and discovered it was Sawyer and Kate who kidnapped the dying Ben, Horace watched Sawyer and Juliet’s interrogation. Horace tried to take a less violent approach, yet he was told by Radzinsky that he is no longer in charge. (“Follow the Leader”)
3×20 – The Man Behind the Curtain
In 1992, Horace was in the Barracks at the time of the Purge; he died while sitting on a bench. Ben discovered his body after coming back from having killed his father and showed his respect by closing Horace’s eyes, a respect which Ben didn’t pay to any of the other deceased.
After the poisoned gas had dissipated the Others arrived and removed the deceased DHARMA members and placed them into a mass grave. (“The Man Behind the Curtain”)
3×20 – The Man Behind the Curtain
At a later date during his time with DHARMA, Horace designed and built the cabin that would be later inhabited by Jacob. (“The Man Behind the Curtain”)
4×11 – Cabin Fever
Approximately 12 years later, Horace appeared to Locke in a dream. Locke observed Horace in a repetitive cycle, chopping down a tree over and over, and occasionally wiping blood from a nosebleed which appeared and disappeared. Horace said he was building a cabin for himself and “the missus” (Amy). Horace told Locke that he (Horace) had been dead for 12 years, that Jacob had been waiting a long time for Locke, and that in order to find Jacob, Locke must first find Horace himself.
Locke went to the mass grave for the DHARMA Initiative, and in the front shirt pocket on Horace’s corpse, he found the blueprints for Jacob’s cabin, also containing a map of its location. (“Cabin Fever”)
5×16 – The Incident, Part 1
Ilana and her team travelled to the cabin in search of Jacob; upon finding it abandoned they burnt it down. (“The Incident, Part 1”)
Related Character Images
Associated DHARMA Stations
Decoded Family Members
Decoded Season 1 Characters
Decoded Season 2 Characters
Decoded Season 3 Characters
Decoded Season 4 & 5 Characters
Key Episode(s) to Decoding the Character
In Greek and Roman mythology, Apollo, is one of the most important and diverse of the Olympian deities. The ideal of the kouros (a beardless, athletic youth), Apollo has been variously recognized as a god of light and the sun; truth and prophecy; medicine, healing, and plague; music, poetry, and the arts; and more. Apollo is the son of Zeus and Leto, and has a twin sister, the chaste huntress Artemis. Apollo is known in Greek-influenced Etruscan mythology as Apulu. Apollo was worshiped in both ancient Greek and Roman religion, as well as in the modern Greco–Roman Neopaganism.
As the patron of Delphi (Pythian Apollo), Apollo was an oracular god—the prophetic deity of the Delphic Oracle. Medicine and healing were associated with Apollo, whether through the god himself or mediated through his son Asclepius, yet Apollo was also seen as a god who could bring ill-health and deadly plague. Amongst the god’s custodial charges, Apollo became associated with dominion over colonists, and as the patron defender of herds and flocks. As the leader of the Muses (Apollon Musagetes) and director of their choir, Apollo functioned as the patron god of music and poetry. Hermes created the lyre for him, and the instrument became a common attribute of Apollo. Hymns sung to Apollo were called paeans.
In Hellenistic times, especially during the third century BCE, as Apollo Helios he became identified among Greeks with Helios, Titan god of the sun, and his sister Artemis similarly equated with Selene, Titan goddess of the moon. In Latin texts, on the other hand, Joseph Fontenrose declared himself unable to find any conflation of Apollo with Sol among the Augustan poets of the first century, not even in the conjurations of Aeneas and Latinus in Aeneid XII (161–215). Apollo and Helios/Sol remained separate beings in literary and mythological texts until the third century CE.
The cult centers of Apollo in Greece, Delphi and Delos, date from the 8th century BCE. The Delos sanctuary was primarily dedicated to Artemis, Apollo’s twin sister. At Delphi, Apollo was venerated as the slayer of Pytho. For the Greeks, Apollo was all the Gods in one and through the centuries he acquired different functions which could originate from different gods. In archaic Greece he was the “prophet”, the oracular god who in older times was connected with “healing”. In classical Greece he was the god of light and of music, but in popular religion he had a strong function to keep away evil. Walter Burkert discerned three components in the prehistory of Apollo worship, which he termed “a Dorian-northwest Greek component, a Cretan-Minoan component, and a Syro-Hittite component.”
Healer God – Protector from evil
The function of Apollo as a “healer” is connected with Paean, the physician of the Gods in the Iliad, who seems to come from a more primitive religion. Paeοn is probably connected with the Mycenean Pa-ja-wo, but the etymology is the only evidence. He did not have a separate cult, but he was the personification of the holy magic-song sung by the magicians that was supposed to cure disease. Later the Greeks knew the original meaning of the relevant song “paeαn”. The magicians were also called “seer-doctors”, and they used an ecstatic prophetic art which was used exactly by the god Apollo at the oracles. In Ilias, Apollo is the healer under the gods, but he is also the bringer of disease and death with his arrows, similar to the function of the terrible Vedic god of disease Rudra. He sends a terrible plague to the Achaeans. The god who sends a disease can also prevent from it, therefore when it stops they make a purifying ceremony and offer him an “hecatomb” to ward off evil. When the oath of his priest appeases, they pray and with a song they call their own god, the beautiful Paean. Some common epithets of Apollo as a healer are “paion” (touching), “epikourios” (help), “oulios” (cured wound), and “loimios” (plague). In classical times, his strong function in popular religion was to keep away evil, and was therefore called “apotropaios” (to divert) and “alexikakos” (defend, throw away the evil). In later writers, the word, usually spelled “Paean”, becomes a mere epithet of Apollo in his capacity as a god of healing.
Homer illustrated Paeon the god, and the song both of apotropaic thanksgiving or triumph. Such songs were originally addressed to Apollo, and afterwards to other gods: to Dionysus, to Apollo Helios, to Apollo’s son Asclepius the healer. About the 4th century BCE, the paean became merely a formula of adulation; its object was either to implore protection against disease and misfortune, or to offer thanks after such protection had been rendered. It was in this way that Apollo had become recognised as the god of music. Apollo’s role as the slayer of the Python led to his association with battle and victory; hence it became the Roman custom for a paean to be sung by an army on the march and before entering into battle, when a fleet left the harbour, and also after a victory had been won.
When Zeus’ wife Hera discovered that Leto was pregnant and that he was the father, she banned Leto from giving birth on “terra firma”. In her wanderings, Leto found the newly created floating island of Delos, which was neither mainland nor a real island, so she gave birth there, where she was accepted by the people, offering them her promise that her son will be always favourable toward the city. Afterwards, Zeus secured Delos to the bottom of the ocean. This island later became sacred to Apollo.
It is also stated that Hera kidnapped Ilithyia, the goddess of childbirth, to prevent Leto from going into labor. The other gods tricked Hera into letting her go by offering her a necklace, nine yards (8 m) long, of amber. Mythographers agree that Artemis was born first and then assisted with the birth of Apollo, or that Artemis was born one day before Apollo, on the island of Ortygia and that she helped Leto cross the sea to Delos the next day to give birth to Apollo. Apollo was born on the seventh day (ἑβδομαγενής) of the month Thargelion —according to Delian tradition—or of the month Bysios—according to Delphian tradition. The seventh and twentieth, the days of the new and full moon, were ever afterwards held sacred to him.
Four days after his birth, Apollo killed the chthonic dragon Python, which lived in Delphi beside the Castalian Spring. This was the spring which emitted vapors that caused the oracle at Delphi to give her prophecies. Hera sent the serpent to hunt Leto to her death across the world. To protect his mother, Apollo begged Hephaestus for a bow and arrows. After receiving them, Apollo cornered Python in the sacred cave at Delphi. Apollo killed Python but had to be punished for it, since Python was a child of Gaia.
Hera then sent the giant Tityos to kill Leto. This time Apollo was aided by his sister Artemis in protecting their mother. During the battle Zeus finally relented his aid and hurled Tityos down to Tartarus. There he was pegged to the rock floor, covering an area of 9 acres (36,000 m2), where a pair of vultures feasted daily on his liver.
Apollo shot arrows infected with the plague into the Greek encampment during the Trojan War in retribution for Agamemnon’s insult to Chryses, a priest of Apollo whose daughter Chryseis had been captured. He demanded her return, and the Achaeans complied, indirectly causing the anger of Achilles, which is the theme of the Iliad.
In the Iliad, when Diomedes injured Aeneas, Apollo rescued him. First, Aphrodite tried to rescue Aeneas but Diomedes injured her as well. Aeneas was then enveloped in a cloud by Apollo, who took him to Pergamos, a sacred spot in Troy.
Apollo aided Paris in the killing of Achilles by guiding the arrow of his bow into Achilles’ heel. One interpretation of his motive is that it was in revenge for Achilles’ sacrilege in murdering Troilus, the god’s own son by Hecuba, on the very altar of the god’s own temple.
When Zeus struck down Apollo’s son Asclepius with a lightning bolt for resurrecting Hippolytus from the dead (transgressing Themis by stealing Hades’s subjects), Apollo in revenge killed the Cyclopes, who had fashioned the bolt for Zeus. Apollo would have been banished to Tartarus forever, but was instead sentenced to one year of hard labor as punishment, due to the intercession of his mother, Leto. During this time he served as shepherd for King Admetus of Pherae in Thessaly. Admetus treated Apollo well, and, in return, the god conferred great benefits on Admetus.
Apollo helped Admetus win Alcestis, the daughter of King Pelias and later convinced the Fates to let Admetus live past his time, if another took his place. But when it came time for Admetus to die, his parents, whom he had assumed would gladly die for him, refused to cooperate. Instead, Alcestis took his place, but Heracles managed to “persuade” Thanatos, the god of death, to return her to the world of the living.
Apollo killed the Aloadae when they attempted to storm Mt. Olympus.
Callimachus sang that Apollo rode on the back of a swan to the land of the Hyperboreans during the winter months.
Apollo turned Cephissus into a sea monster.
Another contender for the birthplace of Apollo is the Cretan islands of Paximadia.
Musical Contest with Pan
Once Pan had the audacity to compare his music with that of Apollo, and to challenge Apollo, the god of the kithara, to a trial of skill. Tmolus, the mountain-god, was chosen to umpire. Pan blew on his pipes, and with his rustic melody gave great satisfaction to himself and his faithful follower, Midas, who happened to be present. Then Apollo struck the strings of his lyre. Tmolus at once awarded the victory to Apollo, and all but Midas agreed with the judgment. He dissented, and questioned the justice of the award. Apollo would not suffer such a depraved pair of ears any longer, and caused them to become the ears of a donkey.
Attributes and Symbols
Apollo’s most common attributes were the bow and arrow. Other attributes of his included the kithara (an advanced version of the common lyre), the plectrum and the sword. Another common emblem was the sacrificial tripod, representing his prophetic powers. The Pythian Games were held in Apollo’s honor every four years at Delphi. The bay laurel plant was used in expiatory sacrifices and in making the crown of victory at these games. The palm was also sacred to Apollo because he had been born under one in Delos. Animals sacred to Apollo included wolves, dolphins, roe deer, swans, cicadas (symbolizing music and song), hawks, ravens, crows, snakes (referencing Apollo’s function as the god of prophecy), mice and griffins, mythical eagle–lion hybrids of Eastern origin.
As god of colonization, Apollo gave oracular guidance on colonies, especially during the height of colonization, 750–550 BCE. According to Greek tradition, he helped Cretan or Arcadian colonists found the city of Troy. However, this story may reflect a cultural influence which had the reverse direction: Hittite cuneiform texts mention a Minor Asian god called Appaliunas or Apalunas in connection with the city of Wilusa attested in Hittite inscriptions, which is now generally regarded as being identical with the Greek Ilion by most scholars. In this interpretation, Apollo’s title of Lykegenes can simply be read as “born in Lycia”, which effectively severs the god’s supposed link with wolves (possibly a folk etymology).
In literary contexts, Apollo represents harmony, order, and reason—characteristics contrasted with those of Dionysus, god of wine, who represents ecstasy and disorder. The contrast between the roles of these gods is reflected in the adjectives Apollonian and Dionysian. However, the Greeks thought of the two qualities as complementary: the two gods are brothers, and when Apollo at winter left for Hyperborea, he would leave the Delphic oracle to Dionysus. This contrast appears to be shown on the two sides of the Borghese Vase.
Apollo is often associated with the Golden Mean. This is the Greek ideal of moderation and a virtue that opposes gluttony.