Season: 1-2, Episodes: 2, Faction: N/A
Leonard Simms is a former U.S. naval officer who Hurley knew at Santa Rosa Mental Health Institute. Leonard was stationed in the South Pacific before and/or during 1988 and, along with his friend and fellow officer Sam Toomey, monitored longwave radio transmissions at a government listening post.
In 1988, the station picked up a transmission consisting of the numbers 4 8 15 16 23 42 repeating on a loop. (Danielle Rousseau and her science team also caught the transmission around that same time.) The Numbers stayed with Leonard and Sam. After Toomey used the numbers in a game of chance, a plague of bad luck seemed to befall those around him. Leonard and Sam believed the Numbers to be cursed, driving Sam to suicide, and Leonard to insanity.
At an unknown time, Leonard was admitted to Santa Rosa Mental Health Institute. He spent all of his time playing the game Connect Four with himself, while endlessly repeating the Numbers. (“Numbers”) (“Dave”)
After Hurley got out of Santa Rosa, he won the lottery by playing the numbers he had heard from Leonard, and came to believe they were cursed. Visiting Leonard at the institute to find answers, Hurley told him he used the Numbers in the lottery, to which Leonard broke from his near-catatonic state and became hysterical, screaming, “You’ve opened the box!” He told Hurley to get away from the Numbers or it wouldn’t stop. Leonard then told Hurley that he heard the numbers from Sam Toomey in Kalgoorlie, Australia. (“Numbers”)
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One of the four ‘sons of Horus‘, Duamutef, whose name means “he who honors his mother,” is depicted as a jackal-headed mummy on the jar containing the stomach of the deceased and in the assignment of the sons of Horus to the cardinal points is at the east. Duamutef, together with Horus and Kebehsenuf, is said in CT spell 158/BD spell 112 to be among the “Souls [Bau] of Nekhen,” or Hierakonpolis, a town in Upper Egypt. In one text, Duamutef states to the deceased, “I bring your soul before you, so that it may move about [swtwt, ‘walk about’, ‘promenade’] in the place of your heart; may you repose with it for eternity,” the heart serving as a place of excursion or recreation for the ba (Lefebvre 1920, 227-228).
Duamutef was one of the Four Sons of Horus and a protection god of the Canopic jars. Commonly he is said to be the son of the god Horus the Elder (Heru-ur) and the goddess Isis. There is another myth that describes Duamutef and his brothers as sons of Osiris. According to this myth they were born from a lotus blossom that arose from the primeval ocean.
The name Duamutef means “Who adores his mother”.
First Duamutef was displayed as human wrapped in mummy bandages. Since the New Kingdom he is shown with the head of a jackal. In some cases his appearance is swapped with Qebehsenuef’s so he has the head of a falcon and Qebehsenuef has the head of a jackal.
Duamutef usually was shown on Sarcophagus and as cap of canopic jars. Some images of the Judgement of heart show him staying together with his brothers in front of Osiris on a small lotus blossom.
Meaning as Protection God of Canopic Jars
The Pyramid texts name Duamutef as protection god of the deceased and their helper for the advance to heaven. The inscriptions of canopic jars and canpic chests he is called to protect from hunger and thirst.
According to the Egyptian Mythology he and his brothers where dedicated as protectors of the cardinal directions of the sky. Duamutef was dedicated to the east and he was also one of the star gods. For this reason Duamutef appears on astronomical documents to describe the direction where stars are placed.
Four ‘Sons of Horus’
Duamutef, the jackal headed son of Horus, protected the stomach of the deceased and was in turn protected by the goddess Neith. It seems that his role was to worship the dead person, and his name means literally ‘he who worships his mother’. In the Coffin Texts Horus calls upon him to:
“Come and worship my father N for me, just as you went that you might worship my mother Isis in your name Duamutef.”
Rather confusingly, as is borne out here, Isis had a dual role. Not only was she the wife of Osiris and the mother of Horus, but she was also the consort of Horus the Elder and thus the mother of the sons of Horus. This ambiguity is added to when Duamutef calls Osiris his father, rather than Horus.
In Spell 151 of the Book of the Dead he is given the following words to say:
“I have come that I may protect my father Osiris from him who would harm you …”
The text does not make it clear who is going to harm Osiris, although there are two major candidates. The obvious one is Set, the murderer of Osiris. Somehow the son who worships his mother Isis is able to assist in overcoming Set. The other possibility is Apophis, the serpent demon who prevents the Sun’s passage and thus the resurrection of Osiris. Either way, Duamutef through his worship of Isis has the power to protect the deceased from harm.
He was also considered one of the four pillars of Shu, a rudder of heaven, and was associated with the East.